American Anglerfish


American Anglerfish, also known as the ​Monkfish, ⁤is a kind of anglerfish defined scientifically ⁤as Lophius americanus. These fish ‌are from the Lophiidae family.

Conservation Status

The current conservation status of American Anglerfish shows ‌that they are not endangered and are⁢ listed as being of ‘Least Concern’ by IUCN Red List. Efforts are being exerted towards researching and monitoring the stocks ⁢and ‌habitats to assure that the species remains plentiful.


Statistic Average Range
Length 62 cm 1.5 m
Weight 11kg 30 kg
Average Lifespan 13-15 years N/A


Monkfish inhabit the coastal ⁤waters of North America from the⁢ Gulf of St. Lawrence, Canada, to‌ Cape Hatteras, North Carolina. They do not appear to perform long-distance⁢ migrations⁣ and remain in ‌the same general area year-round.


These benthic fish⁣ prefer the mud or ‌sandy bottoms of continental shelves and slopes, down to depths​ of about 1,800 meters. The temperature range in ‌which‍ they are found ​is ‌between 2°C – 18°C.

When and Where to See

Price variations and availability suggest⁣ that most monkfish are taken‌ in the ⁢fall and‌ winter. ‍During the day, they usually remain hidden.

Best Fishing Locations

Here ⁢are some ⁢of the best fishing locations ⁢for American Anglerfish:

1. Northeast U.S Continental Slope.
2. Georges Bank.
3.⁤ Gulf of‍ Maine.
4. Atlantic Ocean, off⁣ the⁣ coast of New Jersey.

Generally, know that these fish⁢ prefer deep ‌waters, ⁣mainly on the ocean floor.

How ⁢to Catch

Monkfish can⁣ be baited using mackerel, herring, or ​squid. Jigging‌ or trolling techniques can be effective. ⁣The⁣ best time to catch them is during the cool months of fall and winter.

Identification Guide

Their ​most ‍distinguishing feature is ⁢their enormous, ⁤wide mouth filled⁢ with fang-like teeth. They also ​have a modified dorsal fin⁣ spine known as an esca that helps with “fishing” for prey. In ⁢comparison to other‌ species,​ the Monkfish has a uniquely large ⁤and flathead.


Monkfish ⁣is known‌ for its unique, somewhat sweet taste and firm texture.⁤ Common methods to cook it include grilling, baking, and frying.

Additional Information

Monkfish,⁤ being opportunistic⁤ feeders,​ eat the most convenient prey, which usually includes shellfish and other fish. The primary predators of the Monkfish are larger fish and ‌marine mammals.

References and Further Reading

1. Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS)
2.⁢ NOAA Fisheries
3. IUCN Red List