Atlantic Butterfish


The Atlantic Butterfish,‌ known ⁤scientifically as Peprilus ⁢triacanthus, is a species that belongs to the Stromateidae family. This interesting species is a small, silvery, streamlined fish with a unique disc-like shape.

Conservation Status

The Atlantic Butterfish ⁣is currently not listed as a threatened or endangered⁤ species by the International Union for⁣ Conservation of Nature (IUCN). However,⁤ efforts to manage⁢ fishing of this species are⁢ being enforced to maintain healthy population levels.


Statistic Average Range
Length 20 cm 12 ⁢- 30 cm
Weight 0.2 kg 0.1 – 0.3 kg
Average Lifespan 5-9 years N/A


The Atlantic Butterfish can be found in the Western ⁣Atlantic from Nova Scotia and ​Maine to Florida in the United States. Known for their ‌migratory ‌nature, ‌they spawn offshore ⁣in the mid-Atlantic region during summer⁤ and fall, and‍ migrate inshore and north during spring⁤ and summer.


They prefer deeper offshore waters with a temperature range of 7-24 °C ⁢and a depth ‌range of 50-200 meters.

When and ⁣Where to See

The ⁢best time to see the Atlantic Butterfish‍ is during⁤ the summer months when they ⁣move inshore. They are usually found near the water surface during the night.

Best Fishing​ Locations and Tips

  1. Martha’s Vineyard, Massachusetts
  2. Chesapeake Bay, Maryland/Virginia
  3. Maine Coast, Maine
  4. Long Island, New York
  5. Narragansett Bay, Rhode Island
  6. Cape Cod, Massachusetts

Fishing for Atlantic Butterfish usually involves a combination ⁣of ‍bottom fishing and trolling with⁣ small‌ strips of bait like squid or lures that mimic their prey.

Identification Guide

They have a roundish,⁤ thin ⁤body, with a silvery coloration. The distinguishing characteristic‌ is a heart-shaped indentation found on their tail.


Atlantic Butterfish have a rich, buttery taste, making them a ⁢popular choice for grilling or pan-frying.⁢ They ⁢are also excellent ⁢sources of Omega-3 fatty acids and low in mercury.

Additional Information

The butterfish⁣ feeds ​mainly on zooplankton, small crustaceans, and ⁤fish larvae. Their primary predators are larger ​fish species⁣ such as‌ tunas,⁣ sharks, ​and ‍swordfish.

References and Further Reading