Bass Smallmouth


The Smallmouth ​Bass, also known​ as Micropterus dolomieu, is an intriguing species belonging to the Sunfish family. Primarily known as ‌a freshwater fish, it captures the attention of‍ anglers due to its energetic fight when‍ caught.

Conservation Status

The Smallmouth Bass is currently ​considered to be in the Least Concern category, with no severe threat impairing its survival. Various conservation efforts are being made by fishing enthusiasts and environmentalists to⁣ ensure the sustainability of the species, particularly through responsible‌ fishing practices and habitat preservation.


Statistic Average Range
Length 20 inches​ (51 cm) 14-24 inches ⁣(36-61 cm)
Weight 4.5 pounds ⁢(2.04 kg) 1-10 pounds (0.45-4.54 kg)
Average Lifespan 15 years


The Smallmouth Bass has its origins in the ⁣eastern United States, but its distribution has expanded​ across North America, including the ‍Great Lakes region, the Ohio River Valley, and South Eastern Canada. It is also found ​in specific⁤ regions of‍ Europe and South Africa where⁢ it was artificially introduced. The species does not ⁢display any specific‌ migration ‌patterns.


Smallmouth Bass prefer‍ clear, cool, and ⁢oxygen-rich environments, mostly found in rocky areas of ​lakes and reservoirs. The depth range tends to vary from shallow waters to as‍ deep ‌as 30 meters, and ⁢the ​preferred temperature range lies between 68-78⁤ °F (20-26⁢ °C).

When and Where to See

The Smallmouth ‍Bass is most active during the warmer months, ​particularly spring and early summer. The best time of day to ​spot these species is during early morning or late evening when they come out ⁢for feeding.

Best Fishing Locations

Some of the best⁤ international angling spots for Smallmouth Bass include:

  1. Lake Erie, USA/Canada
  2. Lake St.⁣ Clair, USA/Canada
  3. Green River,⁣ USA
  4. Mille⁢ Lacs Lake, USA
  5. Dale Hollow Lake, USA

If ‌specific locations are not ⁢known, look for rocky areas with clear, cool water in lakes or reservoirs.

How to Catch

Anglers often use live bait, such as worms or minnows, to lure in Smallmouth Bass. ‌Popular fishing techniques ‌include fly fishing and trolling. Early morning or late ⁢evening in ⁣the warmer months is generally the best time to fish.

Identification Guide

The Smallmouth Bass ⁢is​ famous for its brownish-green body⁣ with ⁢dark‍ vertical stripes and a reddish tint on the eyes. It is often confused ⁢with the Largemouth Bass, but the former has a jaw that ​doesn’t extend beyond‌ the back margin of the eye unlike the latter.


Smallmouth Bass is ⁣quite popular in the culinary world due to its firm texture and mild flavor. It is a⁣ healthy source of protein‍ with low-fat content.⁤ It can ⁢be cooked in a variety of methods, including grilling, frying, or​ baking. Recipes often involve a mild marinade or spice ‌rub to preserve the fish’s⁢ original flavor.

Additional Information

Smallmouth Bass are aggressive predators and⁤ feed on a variety​ of invertebrates and small fish. Both males and females participate in nesting. Among natural predators, larger fish, birds of ⁣prey, and snakes pose‌ threats. Human-induced pollution and habitat loss are significant threats ‌as⁤ well.

References and Further Reading

For more details⁢ about Smallmouth Bass, consider reading ‌these sources: