Black Drum


The Black Drum (Pogonias cromis) is‌ a member of ⁤the Sciaenidae family,⁢ popularly ‍known as⁣ the “drum” or “croaker” family, due to the rumbling noises they ⁤produce.

Conservation Status

No special conservation status is attributed to the‌ Black Drum,​ as they are not currently at risk of endangerment. Nevertheless,‍ several regional fishing regulations⁤ exist in order to prevent overfishing‍ and‍ to ensure the sustainability ​of​ Black Drum populations.


The statistics of the Black Drum are as‍ follows:

Statistic Average Range
Length 60-70 cm 20-150 cm
Weight 14-20 kg 2-90 kg
Average Lifespan 35-46 years


The Black Drum is‌ predominantly found along ​the Atlantic​ coast of the Americas from New Jersey to ⁢Brazil,⁣ including the⁢ Gulf of Mexico. ⁤It has also been extensively reported along⁢ the Texas coast. Regarding migration patterns, the Black Drum moves south in the winter, returning north when⁤ temperatures rise in the spring.


Black Drums prefer warm, saltwater environments. They typically ​reside‍ in depths up to 25 feet,‍ but can ‍reach down to 180 feet. In terms of temperature, Black⁣ Drums ⁢can ‌tolerate ranges from 8 to 32 degrees Celsius.

When ⁣and Where to See

During spring and fall, Black Drum are found near jetties and in channels. While in summer, they ⁤gravitate towards deeper waters.⁣ They⁤ are ‌likely to be spotted near the surface ⁤during the early morning and⁢ late evening.

Best Fishing Locations

  1. Padre Island, Texas, USA
  2. Guadalupe Bay, Texas, USA
  3. Mosquito‍ Lagoon, Florida,⁣ USA
  4. Indian River, Florida, USA
  5. Atlantic Beach, North Carolina, USA
  6. Chesapeake Bay, Virginia, USA
  7. Delaware Bay, USA
  8. Cape May, New Jersey, USA
  9. Rio⁣ de ‌Janeiro, ⁤Brazil
  10. Bahia de ⁢Banderas, Mexico

Black ⁢Drum are often ​found‌ around structures,​ such as oyster⁢ beds, docks, or bridge pillars, where⁢ their ​typical prey is abundant.

How to Catch

Black Drum ⁤can be caught with ​a⁢ variety of baits,⁣ such as mullet, shrimp, squid, or crab.‌ They can be ‌caught through a variety⁤ of​ methods, including ⁤fly fishing, trolling, and ‌bottom fishing. The ‌best time to catch a Black Drum ⁢is late ‍evening during fall and ‌spring.

Identification Guide

The⁤ Black Drum possesses a dark gray or black body, ‍with a high arching back. ​It⁢ is often compared to the Red Drum due to⁣ similarities in shape and markings, but distinguishable⁢ by its ‍lack of a spotted tail.

Culinary Uses

Black ⁢Drum is a mild fish, with a taste similar to Red Drum ‌or Sheepshead, but firmer. ‌Its nutritional content includes proteins, vitamins D and B2,​ as well as key minerals. Typical preparation⁤ methods include grilling, broiling, and frying. Cajun Black Drum is⁤ a​ popular ⁢recipe.

Additional Information

Black Drum are opportunistic feeders, mainly preying on mollusks, crabs, and small fish. Predators include larger fish species and birds. The Black Drum is also subjected to overfishing by humans, which poses a​ significant threat.

The Black Drum’s ability⁤ to adapt to a range of habitats and salinity⁤ levels enables it to live in ‌diverse environments.‍ These attributes together with its delicate taste have made​ the Black Drum an important target for commercial and recreational ‍fishing for centuries.

References and Further Reading

Additional information can be found from reliable resources such as FishBase, U.S Fish and Wildlife ‍Service, and Texas Parks and Wildlife Department.