Black Grouper


The ⁣Black Grouper (Mycteroperca bonaci) is a top-level predator from the family Serranidae, commonly​ found ⁣in the warmer parts of the Atlantic, including the Gulf of‍ Mexico⁤ and the Caribbean.

Conservation Status

The Black ‌Grouper has been listed as Near Threatened by the International ‌Union⁤ for the Conservation of Nature (IUCN). Efforts have been made​ to regulate ‍commercial and recreational fishing in many⁢ regions to protect this species from overfishing.


Length70 cm60 – ⁣150 cm
Weight25 kg3 – ‌100 kg
Average Lifespan30 years


Black Groupers are found⁢ broadly ⁢distributed across the Western Atlantic from Massachusetts, USA ⁢and Bermuda to southern Brazil. They are notable non-migratory species and are ​commonly found​ in different regions at different times of​ the year.


Black ⁣Groupers usually prefer‍ warmer saltwater ⁣environments. They inhabit ⁢both shallow inshore areas and offshore ​waters as ⁣deep as 100 meters. They prefer ‍temperatures ranging from 18 to 29⁣ degrees Celsius.

When ⁣and Where to See

Black‌ Groupers are‌ seen regularly throughout the year, although they are most abundant from November to ⁤March. They ​tend to be more active during ​the day.

Best Fishing Locations

  • Key West, Florida
  • Yucatan Peninsula, Mexico
  • Belize Barrier Reef, Belize
  • Bahia Honda State Park,‍ Florida
  • Jupiter,‍ Florida
  • Bimini, Bahamas
  • Bay of Campeche, ⁤Mexico
  • Reefs of ​the ‍Dry Tortugas, Florida
  • Cay Sal⁢ Bank, Bahamas
  • Banco Chinchorro, Mexico

How to Catch

The most effective baits for catching Black Groupers include live or dead small fish ‌and squid. The best ​fishing‍ techniques‌ include bottom fishing, handlining, and speargun fishing. Black Groupers are generally best targeted during the‌ day, particularly in the cooler months.

Identification Guide

Black Groupers⁢ have a ⁤robust body,‌ broad head, and a pointed snout. Their body coloration is dark gray to black and they⁢ have fleck-like black marks on their body.‌ Black Groupers can be easily confused with other species in the Serranidae family because of their similar body shape and coloration.

Culinary⁢ Information

Black Grouper is ​known⁤ for its delicious taste‌ and firm texture.​ It ⁣can be cooked in a variety of ways such ‍as ⁤grilling, pan-frying, ‍and baking. Black ​Grouper ​is a good source ​of proteins, Omega-3 fatty acids, and vitamins.

Additional Information

Black Groupers are solitary ‍creatures with a territorial nature. Their‌ main diet consists of fish and invertebrates. Sharks and‌ larger fish⁢ are ‍the natural predators of⁤ Black​ Groupers.