Brown Smooth-Hound


The Brown Smooth-Hound (Mustelus ‌henlei) is a species​ belonging to the family ‍Triakidae.​ This is a group of predominantly small to medium-sized ‍sharks that have a worldwide distribution in temperate and tropical ‌areas.

Conservation Status

The International Union for Conservation ⁤of Nature (IUCN)‌ has currently ​listed the Brown Smooth-Hound as Near Threatened.⁤ Efforts to protect this‌ species include⁤ monitoring‌ populations and enforcing ​stricter fishing regulations.


WeightNot SpecifiedNot Specified
Average Lifespan12-16 yearsNot Specified


The Brown Smooth-Hound is ‍found in the Eastern Pacific, from⁢ the Gulf ‌of California​ to Peru. There is no ‍known significant migration pattern for this species.


Brown Smooth-Hounds typically dwell in ‍coastal environments, and are notably resilient to conditions in ​bay and estuary waters. This species lives ⁣in a depth range of⁣ 1 to ⁤200 meters​ and ​prefers water temperatures between 55 and 75⁤ degrees Fahrenheit.

When and Where to See

The season to spot these species‌ fluctuates based ‍on⁤ local temperature cycles. In general, they are seen in the early morning or late evening⁣ during warmer ‍months.

Best Fishing Locations

The top locations for fishing Brown Smooth-Hounds include:

  • Gulf of California, Mexico
  • San Francisco Bay, USA
  • Monterey Bay, USA
  • Los Angeles, USA
  • Lima, Peru

These species can often be located near sandy or mud-bottomed areas nearby to the coast.

How to Catch

Basic‌ tackle using clams, shrimp or squid as bait ​can work well. Fly fishing and⁤ bottom fishing ⁤techniques are most often employed. The best time to fish for them is​ during dusk and dawn in the warmer months.

Identification Guide

Brown​ Smooth-Hounds are generally ‍gray or ⁢brown in color,⁤ with a streamlined, ⁣elongated body and‍ a ‍pointed snout. Unlike ⁣other‌ sharks, they do not have ‌teeth⁤ but rough grinding plates.


The meat⁤ is⁣ often‍ used in ⁤soups and stews due to its ‌firm, mild flavor. Nutritional information and recipes ⁢can vary ‍widely and are best found ⁤from a reliable cookbook or chef.

Additional Information

These ⁤species are opportunistic, feeding ‍on ‍a diet dominantly​ of crustaceans and fish. Natural predators include larger sharks and marine mammals. Threats from humans ​include overfishing and habitat loss.

References⁤ and Further Reading

  • Froese, R. and Pauly, D. (2020).⁢ FishBase.
  • California Department​ of Fish and Wildlife. ⁣(2019). ‍ Fishing Map