Brown Trout


The Brown ​Trout (Salmo trutta) is a widely recognized⁤ species belonging⁤ to the Salmonidae family. They hold⁣ a reputation for being wily and elusive, ‍making them a⁣ much sought-after catch amongst anglers worldwide.

Conservation Status

The International Union for ​Conservation of Nature (IUCN) currently categorizes the Brown Trout as being ‌of “Least Concern”. Conservation efforts are fairly constant due ⁤to the species’ ⁣popularity among anglers, with hatcheries and protective regulations‌ playing a key role in maintaining their populations.


Statistic Average Range
Length 20 inches 16 – 31 inches
Weight 4.4 lbs 1 – 9 lbs
Lifespan 12 years Not ⁢specified


Brown ​Trout can be⁢ found across Europe, western ‌Asia, and northern Africa, having also been widely introduced to other ⁣parts of the world. Of‌ note are the great ⁢North American and New Zealander populations. The species‌ is known for migrating​ upstream ⁣to spawn but generally ⁢remains ‍within freshwater environments.


Brown Trout prefers cold freshwater habitats. They are ⁣often seen at various depths in clear rivers, streams, and lakes. Temperature ⁤range varies between 4 – 19 degrees Celsius for ‍optimum survival.

When and Where to See

Brown Trout ‌are most‍ active ⁢during the cooler months. Their activity peak ‍is at dawn and dusk, but they can be seen throughout the day.

Best Fishing ⁢Locations

  1. Henry’s Fork,​ Idaho, USA
  2. Gaula River, Norway
  3. Karamea River,‌ New Zealand
  4. River Test,⁣ England
  5. Lake Michigan, USA
  6. Thredbo‌ River,⁢ Australia
  7. Lake Taupo, New⁢ Zealand
  8. River ⁢Tummel,​ Scotland
  9. Malleo River,⁣ Argentina
  10. Assynt Lochs, ⁤Scotland

To find ​Brown Trout, look for fast flowing, oxygen-rich water or vegetated lake areas where they are likely to find shelter and food.

How to‌ Catch

Brown Trout are ‌often caught using ⁤a variety of methods ⁣from spin fishing with ⁤lures‌ to fly fishing with mayflies, caddisflies, and stoneflies. Best fishing season is usually ⁣spring and fall, while early morning and late evening prove to be⁣ the most successful times.

Identification Guide

The⁣ Brown Trout displays a distinct brown or golden-brown body, adorned with black and ‌red-orange spots encircled in a pale ⁢halo.‍ Care must⁢ be taken not to confuse it with the closely related Atlantic Salmon.


Brown Trout boasts a light, nutty flavor, successfully cooked in a variety of styles. Grilled, baked, pan-fried, or smoked, the ‌fish ⁣retains resolute popularity within⁢ international cuisine. As a top source of‍ lean protein, ‍it offers a variety of minerals ⁣including potassium, magnesium, and omega-3‍ fatty‍ acids.

Additional Information

Apart from their angling popularity, Brown Trout‍ also serve​ as ⁣an important diet⁤ for large fish-eating birds ⁣and mammals. They are sight feeders mainly consuming insects, mollusks, crustaceans, fish eggs, and small ⁣fish. They are also known⁤ to show ⁤interesting spawning behavior – males develop kype (hooked lower jaw) and become ⁤pugnacious.

References and Further Reading

For further information on Brown Trout, the following ⁣sources provide comprehensive insights:
IUCN⁤ Red List
U.S Fish and Wildlife Brown trout
International Game Fish Association