Coho Salmon


The Coho Salmon (Oncorhynchus kisutch) ‍is a species of anadromous fish that belongs to the Salmonidae family.

Conservation Status

As per data from the International Union for ⁣Conservation of Nature (IUCN), ‌the Coho Salmon is currently listed as ⁤’Vulnerable’. Conservation efforts ⁢for this ⁣species involve habitat restoration, careful management ⁣of fishing‌ licenses, and breeding programs.


Feature Average Range
Length 70 cm 38 to 85​ cm
Weight 3.6 kg 1 to 7.5 kg
Average Lifespan 3 years N/A



The Coho ‍Salmon is native⁤ to ‌the⁣ northern⁤ Pacific Ocean, from Hokkaido, Japan, and eastern Russia, around⁢ the Bering Sea to‍ mainland Alaska, and south to ⁢Monterey Bay, California. It can be found throughout the western United States, Canada, Russia, and Japan.

Migration Patterns

Coho Salmon are well-known for their incredible ‍migration patterns, traveling from their ocean​ habitat up rivers and streams to spawn.​ This usually ⁣occurs from October to early December.


Coho Salmon inhabit‍ both fresh and⁣ saline waters. They can inhabit​ depths from zero ‍to 274 meters and are usually found in the temperature range of 6.5 – 15.6°C.

When and Where ​to See

For those interested in observing or fishing Coho ​Salmon, late summer and fall are the best times. These ‍salmon are more active during the dawn and‌ dusk hours.

Best Fishing Locations

Some‌ of the best places to catch Coho Salmon ‌include:

  • Kenai River, Alaska, USA
  • Dean River, British Columbia, Canada
  • Skeena⁢ River, British Columbia, Canada
  • Salmon River, Idaho, USA
  • Kitimat‍ River, British Columbia, ⁤Canada
  • Elwha River, ​Washington, USA

How to Catch

Preferred Bait or Lures

Coho ‍Salmon can be caught using a variety of​ baits and‍ lures. Spinners, spoons, plugs, and fresh or frozen ⁤herring are all effective.

Fishing Techniques

Common techniques used to catch Coho Salmon include‍ trolling, fly fishing, and plunking.

Identification Guide

Coho Salmon are medium-sized salmonids and recognized by their bright silver⁣ skin and dark⁢ blue backs. During spawning, they acquire reddish-maroon to dark green color, males develop a hooked ‌snout, and both genders gain sharp teeth.


How to‌ Cook

Coho Salmon can be grilled, broiled, pan-fried, roasted, or smoked.⁣ They have a rich and‌ delicate flavor that pairs well ‍with a variety of ingredients.

Nutritional Information

Coho Salmon is a rich source of protein, ⁤Vitamin D, and omega-3 fatty acids.

Additional Information


Coho Salmon ⁣are opportunistic feeders, eating ⁤a diet primarily ‌made up of small aquatic insects, crustaceans, and ⁢small fish.

Predators and Threats

Humans, ‍bears, birds of prey,‍ and⁢ larger fish are known predators of Coho Salmon. Intensive fishing and habitat degradation are the main human-induced threats.

Cultural/Historical Significance

Throughout ⁢history, salmon, including Coho salmon, played a significant part in the culture and diet of several indigenous tribes⁢ in⁣ the Northern US and Canada.

References and Further ‍Reading

For more⁢ information about the Coho Salmon, check out these resources: