Introduction: Crappie

Crappie belongs to the Centrarchidae family and is ​native to North America. There are two species: the white crappie (Pomoxis ​annularis) and the black crappie (Pomoxis nigromaculatus).

Conservation⁢ Status

Current Status

Both species are currently listed as ⁤”Least Concern”⁤ on the ‌IUCN Red List, ‌indicating no immediate ⁢threat⁤ to their ⁢population.

Conservation Efforts

Though not under immediate threat, conservation efforts such as catch and release and fishing regulations are implemented to ‍manage⁢ their population.


Statistic Average Range
Length 7-9 inches 5-19 inches
Weight 0.5-1 pound 0.3-5 pounds
Average Lifespan 10 years 7-15 years


Crappies are widely ⁤dispersed across North America, particularly in the eastern US and around the Great Lakes. ​They⁤ are ⁤also found in⁣ southern Canada.


Crappies are freshwater fish and prefer slightly warm water of ​around 4-20ft in depth. They are commonly ⁤found in large ponds, reservoirs, and lakes with sandy or muddy⁣ bottoms.

When ⁤and ⁢Where to See

Crappie are active year-round, but they are most active during the spring and fall when water temperatures are between 58-64°F. Early morning and late evening are typically the best times to fish for them.

Best Fishing Locations

1. Lake of the Woods, Minnesota
2. Kentucky Lake, Kentucky
3. Lake Okeechobee, Florida
4. ​Lake Eufaula, Alabama
5. Toledo Bend Reservoir, Texas
6. ‍Reelfoot Lake, Tennessee
7.⁤ Mississippi River, ‌Mississippi
8. Green River Lake, Kentucky
9. Lake Murray,⁤ South Carolina
10. Lake Winnipesaukee, New Hampshire

For those that are unable ⁤to access these locations, look for structures⁣ or cover where ‍fish​ may​ hide such as submerged timber or vegetation in local lakes or ponds.

How to Catch

Crappies are often caught using small jigs, spinners, or live minnows. Techniques include vertical jigging, casting, trolling, or drift fishing.

Identification Guide

Crappies ⁢are recognized ‍by their silvery color with several dark lateral stripes. They have a deep body with ‍a large mouth and a slightly forked tail. White crappie tends to have vertical ⁢bars along their body, ‌while black crappie has more scattered spots.


Crappie is a popular game fish due to its‌ tender white meat, which​ is lightly flavored and low⁤ in ‍fat. Popular ways to cook crappie include grilling, frying, or baking.

Additional Information


Crappies are ‍schooling⁢ fish. ​They feed on small fish and aquatic insects, and ‌often feed during dawn,⁣ dusk, or ‌at night.

Predators and Threats

Natural predators of crappies include larger ⁤fish such ‌as bass and pike, as well as birds like herons and eagles. Overfishing is a human-induced threat.

Cultural/Historical Significance

Crappie fishing tournaments are a popular ⁤sport across‌ many states in the​ U.S., reflecting ⁣their cultural significance.

References and Further‍ Reading

1. U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service
2. The ​IUCN Red‍ List of Threatened Species
3. Florida Fish and Wildlife Conservation Commission