The Cusk, scientifically known as Brosme brosme, is a saltwater fish species belonging to the family Lotidae.

Conservation Status

The Cusk fish is currently listed⁣ as “vulnerable”⁢ by the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN).⁤ A number​ of factors contribute to this, including overfishing ⁤and its⁢ specific habitat preference. Conservation efforts are ongoing to protect this unique fish species and include habitat preservation, tighter control on fishing quotas, and programs to increase population numbers.


– During the Cusk’s life span, the average fish grows to about 40 – 75 cm long and weighs in between 1 – 5 kg.
– ⁢Average Length: 40 – 75 cmAverage Weight: 1 – 5 kg
– Average Lifespan: 14 years


Native⁤ to the North Atlantic Ocean,⁤ Cusk are often found in areas ranging from​ Virginia in the United⁢ States to ⁢Greenland, and as⁢ far⁣ east‍ as the Baltic Sea. They do not tend to migrate but will move ⁣to deeper‌ waters in ⁣winter.


Cusk prefer a cold, marine environment and are usually found in a depth range of⁢ 180 – 600​ m. They can ⁤manage in warmer waters but generally prefer temperatures between 2-7°C.

When and Where to See

Cusk can be sighted year-round, most commonly at night or during dusk. They’re most commonly seen during the spawning period, which is⁢ winter for this‍ species.

Best Fishing Locations

Some of the best places⁤ to catch Cusk include:

  • Gulf of Maine, USA
  • Scotian Shelf, Canada
  • Bay of Fundy, Canada
  • Gulf of St. ⁣Lawrence, Canada
  • Grand Banks of Newfoundland, Canada
  • Norwegian Sea, Norway
  • Baltic Sea, northern ⁢Europe

When searching for Cusk,⁣ look for them in deep water⁣ areas with rough, ⁣rocky bottoms, ⁣as these are their preferred‌ habitats.

How to Catch

Preferred bait ⁤for ‍Cusk includes crabs, shrimps, or mackerel. ⁣Bottom ‍fishing‌ is the ​best ⁣technique to ⁣catch them‌ since ​they inhabit the sea floor. Night hours offer‍ the best catch rates.

Identification Guide

Cusk are easily recognizable by their elongated bodies, single dorsal fin that extends the length of the body, and a⁢ brown to greenish-black color. They ‌have a white underside, big head and large mouth with sharp teeth.


Firm⁢ and succulent, Cusk meat has a mild flavor ideal for a variety of recipes. Some popular dishes include poached Cusk with parsley sauce or baked Cusk with lemon and herbs. A⁢ standard serving⁣ of Cusk contains around ⁢90-120 calories, 25 g of protein, and 3 g ⁣of fat.

Additional Information

Cusk are known for their distinct mating habits which⁤ involve the males⁢ guarding the females after she has laid the eggs. They ⁣mainly feed on crustaceans, sea⁣ urchins, and fish. Natural predators of the Cusk include larger fish species like ​cod and sharks. Overfishing by humans is a ⁣major threat for the species. Their cultural significance is mainly present in ⁣Nordic countries, where they are considered a delicacy and are part of traditional fishing culture.

References and Further Reading