Northern Pike


The Northern Pike, scientifically known as Esox lucius, is a carnivorous species of fish from the family Esocidae.

Conservation Status

The Northern ‌Pike is not⁤ endangered and is categorized as ‌a species of ‘Least Concern’ according to the IUCN Red List. Conservation efforts include regulations⁢ on⁤ fishing limits and size, habitat protection, and restocking programs.


Measurement Average Range
Length 70-120 cm 30-150 cm
Weight 3-7​ kg 0.5-25 kg
Average Lifespan 7 years


Northern ⁤pikes⁣ are most ‌prevalent in the northern hemisphere, specifically in North America and Eurasia. Their migration ⁣patterns are based primarily on water‍ temperature and food availability.


The Northern Pike is usually found⁤ in freshwater bodies like lakes, rivers, and streams. They prefer temperatures ranging from 4 °C to 22 °C and are found ​in all depth ranges of these waters.

When and Where to⁣ See

Most Active: Morning and dusk.
Seasonal Patterns: ⁣They ​are more active during the colder ​months.

Best Fishing Locations

Northern Pikes have been caught in waters across​ Europe and North ​America, but some of the top spots ⁣include:

  1. Lake of the Woods, Ontario, Canada
  2. Lough Corrib, ⁢Ireland
  3. Lake Winnebago, Wisconsin, USA
  4. River⁢ Trent, UK
  5. Neusiedler See, Austria

Fishing Tips

Look for areas with lots of vegetation as Northern Pikes use these areas for hiding and hunting.

How to Catch

Preferred Bait: Live bait such as fish or frogs.
Fishing Techniques: ​Trolling, spinning, and‌ live bait fishing are popular methods.
Optimal Fishing Time: The best times to catch Northern Pike ⁤are‌ early morning and later in the evening.

Identification Guide

A Northern Pike is light green in color, with white spots or lines along its body. They are easily distinguished by their​ long, slender body, pointed head, and ‍sharp, backward-facing teeth.

Culinary Details

How to Cook: Northern Pike is delicious‍ when grilled, baked, or fried.
Taste‍ Profile: ‍The meat of ​the ⁢Northern Pike is mild and ‌sweet, with a firm ⁣texture.
Nutritional Information: Rich in protein and omega-3 fatty acids.

Additional Information


Northern Pikes are aggressive predators that ⁤primarily feed on smaller fish, frogs, and waterfowl. They are solitary creatures, with males ‌and females only coming together to mate.

Predators and Threats

Predators of the Northern⁣ Pike ‍include larger fish and birds​ of ⁢prey. The ‌primary human-induced threat to the‌ Northern Pike is overfishing.

Cultural/Historical Significance

In Scandinavian folklore, the Northern Pike ⁣was ⁤considered a sacred fish.

References and Further Reading

  • Esox lucius (Northern ⁢Pike).FishBase
  • Ontario’s Favorite Fish.Government of Ontario
  • How to Fish for Pike.Art of⁤ Manliness