Orangemouth Weakfish


The Orangemouth Weakfish, scientifically‍ known ⁢as Cynoscion xanthulus, is a member of the⁢ Sciaenidae family.‌ This‌ species is also, colloquially known⁣ as⁤ the Golden Croaker.

Conservation ​Status

Currently, the Orangemouth⁣ Weakfish is labeled ⁢as a species​ with ⁢”Least Concern” in⁢ terms‌ of conservation urgency according to the International Union for Conservation of⁢ Nature. Authorities continue ‌to‍ monitor the status of ⁢this⁣ species.


Average Range
Length 30 cm 20 – 40 cm
Weight 1 ⁢- 1.5 kg 0.8 – ⁤2.5 kg
Lifespan 12⁣ years N/A


This fish species predominantly inhabit the Eastern⁢ Pacific in ‍regions ⁢stretching from the Gulf⁤ of ‌California to Ecuador. The fish are known to migrate ‍northwards during the warmer seasons.


The Orangemouth Weakfish prefer brackish or marine environments. They typically prefer a depth range between‌ 10 and 60⁣ meters and temperatures between 20-28 degrees Celsius.

When and Where to ‌See

Orangemouth Weakfish are ⁣most visible during⁢ the summer months​ when they migrate ‌to warmer‌ waters. They are typically active at night and early in the ⁢morning.

Best Fishing Locations

Top locations for ‌catching Orangemouth Weakfish include:

  1. Gulf of ⁢California, Mexico
  2. Guayas River,⁤ Ecuador
  3. Coastal regions of Peru
  4. Bahia⁣ Solano,​ Colombia
  5. Golfo Dulce, ‍Costa Rica
  6. San Diego Bay, California

General Tips:

Look for areas where there is​ food abundance. ‌ Fishers should⁢ also take into ​consideration ⁣tidal movements, temperature‌ variations‍ and estuary dynamics which significantly affect the distribution of this fish species.

How to Catch

Shellfish and⁢ small finfish make excellent bait for Orangemouth Weakfish. Fly fishing, bottom fishing and trolling are the ⁢most effective techniques ⁤used to catch this species. Prime ‍fishing times are ⁣in the early morning or late ⁣at night.

Identification Guide

The Orangemouth Weakfish has a silvery to‌ grayish color, body elongate, and somewhat compressed, and its mouth is orange. It can be easily mistaken for the similar-looking Spotted Seatrout.


The Orangemouth Weakfish is known ‍for its tender white meat with a subtle, sweet flavor. It’s also an excellent source‌ of protein and⁣ omega-3 fatty acids. Grilled, baked,‍ or pan-fried, ‌this fish⁤ can ‍be turned into a number of seafood dishes with ⁢basic seasoning.

Additional Information

Orangemouth Weakfish exhibit nocturnal ‌feeding habits, with their diet ​primarily consisting of crustaceans and small fishes.⁣ Predators of this species include larger fishes and sea birds.

References and Further Reading