Perch (European)


Species ​Name ⁢and​ Family

The European Perch (Perca fluviatilis)‍ is part of the Percidae⁣ Family. This⁣ vibrant freshwater⁤ game fish has enjoyed⁤ centuries of⁤ popularity amongst anglers for both ⁤its fight and its flavor.

Conservation Status

Current Status

The European Perch is classified as a ‌species of “Least Concern” by the International‌ Union ​for Conservation ⁤of‌ Nature (IUCN).

Conservation⁣ Efforts

Environmental enhancements like ⁣the reclaiming and protection of ⁢freshwaters habitats help sustain healthy perch populations.


Average Length 25-30 cm
Length Range 15-50 cm
Average Weight 1-2 ⁣kg
Weight Range 0.5-3 kg
Average Lifespan 9-10 years



The European Perch is prevalent in ‍Europe and Asia. From ‌the British Isles,‌ Scandinavia, Germany to Russia.

Migration Patterns

Perch often move vertically ⁤within their water column to find optimal temperatures and food sources, but they do not commonly undertake long distance migrations.


Water‌ Type

Perch thrive in freshwater environments such as lakes, ponds, streams and rivers.

Depth Range and Temperature Range

They reside in various depths depending on ⁣the temperature with a range between 4°C and 20°C.

When and ​Where⁢ to See

Seasonal Patterns⁤ and Time of ‌Day

Perch can be seen throughout the ⁢year, but the best time to⁢ observe them is often in the spring and summer months during spawning. The best time of day for⁤ perch‍ sightings is typically ‌in the early morning and late afternoon.

Best ‌Fishing Locations

Top Spots

  1. Lake‌ Balaton, Hungary
  2. Lake Geneva, Switzerland and France
  3. Loire River, France
  4. Vättern, Sweden
  5. Coniston Water, England

General Tips

Look ⁣for areas with aquatic vegetation, downed​ logs or rocky areas as these⁣ can provide ⁣habitat where perch can be found. Also, ⁢using ‌fish finders can help locate ​schools of perch.

How ⁣to Catch

Preferred Bait‍ or ‌Lures

Worms, minnows, spinners, and soft ‌plastic ⁢lures are often successful ⁢in attracting perch.

Fishing Techniques

Fly fishing,⁤ trolling and bottom fishing are common ways to ⁤hook a ⁣perch. The angling technique depends⁤ largely on the type of water body – ⁣rivers, lakes, or reservoirs.

Identification Guide

Physical Characteristics

European ⁢Perch‍ are characterized by their deep green backs, red-orange⁢ pelvic and anal fins, and ⁤dark vertical bars across‍ their bodies.

Culinary Profile

How to Cook

Perch fillets‌ are⁣ typically pan-fried, baked or grilled, yet can also be added to soups or⁣ stews for extra flavor.

Taste Profile

Its meat is tender, flaky and of mild flavour that is often described as sweet.

Additional Information

Perch feed heavily in schools and have ​a tendency to disperse once the⁣ feeding ends. They show a wide ​range‍ of feeding‍ habits, typically⁤ preying upon insects, crustaceans, and smaller‌ fish.

Perch face threats from⁢ both natural ​and⁢ man-made factors.​ Birds,⁤ larger fish, and‌ humans are​ known predators.

References and Further Reading

For more detailed information about European Perch, consider ⁢reviewing the following sources: