Pile Perch

Introduction: Species Name, Family Name

The Pile Perch, scientific name Rhacochilus vacca,‌ is a species of surfperch fish in the family Embiotocidae. This species is native to the Pacific Ocean’s coastal waters and estuaries, particularly from Vancouver Island to the northern half‍ of ⁣the Baja‌ California peninsula.

Conservation Status: Current Status, Conservation ⁤Efforts

As of now, the Pile Perch is ⁢considered as ‘Least Concern’ according to conservation status. There are‌ no notable ​threats identified that would significantly affect‌ their population.


Statistic Average Range
Length 15 inches 12 inches – 19 inches
Weight 2.0 pounds 0.8 pounds -‍ 2.7 pounds
Average Lifespan 8 years

Distribution: Regions/Countries, Migration⁤ Patterns

Pile Perch are native to the Pacific coast of North America. Their range spans from British Columbia, ‌including Vancouver Island, ⁢to the⁣ northern half⁤ of ⁤the ​Baja California peninsula. They do not have‌ intricate ​migration patterns, typically staying close to their spawning areas.

Habitats: Water Type, Depth Range, Temperature Range

Pile Perch inhabit coastal waters and estuaries, ⁤preferring saltwater climates. They swim in a depth range between 0 to 60 meters. The temperature range for the habitat of Pile Perch is typically between 10 to 20 degrees Celsius.

When and⁤ Where to See:⁣ Seasonal Patterns, Time of Day

Pile Perch can be‌ observed all year round. However, they are most active during‍ the spawning season, ​which usually spans from May to August. You’ll mostly sight them during morning and ⁢late afternoon‌ hours.

Best Fishing Locations

Top 10 locations

  1. Elkhorn ⁣Slough, California
  2. Newport Pier, California
  3. San Francisco Bay, California
  4. San Diego Bay, California
  5. Puget Sound, Washington
  6. Crescent City, California
  7. Westport, Washington
  8. Bodega Bay, California
  9. Neah Bay, Washington
  10. Tillamook Bay, Oregon

General Tips

The species is found near pilings, breakwaters, and barge docks. Look ⁢for such environments for ​the best chances of finding them.

How to Catch: Preferred Bait or Lures, Fishing Techniques

Pile Perch are most often⁣ caught by anglers using ⁢bait such as shrimp, squid, or anchovies. ‍ They’re also known to bite on artificial lures and flies. Recommended ‌fishing techniques include bottom fishing and pound net.

Identification Guide

Pile Perch are mainly yellow-gray in color with darker bands going across their bodies. They have a more triangular body shape compared⁢ to other‍ Perch, which helps⁤ a lot in differentiating them from‌ related species.

Culinary: How to Cook, Taste‌ Profile, Nutritional Information

Pile Perch have a good taste profile with a mildly sweet flavor. They can be grilled, baked, fried or smoked. They’re a good source⁤ of protein and low in ‌fat.

Additional Information


Pile Perch are social fish and often swim in schools. They feed on crustaceans, mollusks, ⁤and small fish.

Predators and Threats

Natural predators⁣ of the Pile Perch ⁢include larger ​fish and ‍marine mammals.

Cultural/ Historical Significance

Pile ‌Perch have been a notable source of food⁤ for native tribes⁣ along ‌the Pacific coast and continue to be a popular catch among recreational fishermen.

References and Further​ Reading