Red Grouper

Introduction: Red Grouper

The Red Grouper is a significant species‍ of fish⁢ from the Epinephelinae family. Possessing a spiny and ⁢rigid body, they are well-regarded ⁤among various cultures due to their unrivalled taste and nutritional value.

Conservation Status

Current Status

Currently, the Red Grouper is listed as a species of least⁢ concern on ​most global conservation lists, however, some regions do have specific conservation status ⁣depending on fishing pressure and habitat‌ degradation.

Conservation Efforts

Worldwide efforts to conserve the ⁤species include implementing season closures and size and bag limits. Most nations with​ Red Grouper populations conduct regular stock assessments to ‌maintain sustainable fishing practices.


Statistic Average Range
Length 80cm 50-150cm
Weight 12kg 6-20kg
Average Lifespan 15 years N/A


The Red Grouper species is ⁤primarily found in⁢ the Western Atlantic, from Massachusetts, USA to southern Brazil, including‌ the Gulf of Mexico. They⁢ are generally non-migratory, ​with individuals known to spend​ their entire lives within a few kilometers⁢ of their home reef.


Equipped to live in a variety of ⁤water types from salty to brackish,‍ Red Groupers⁣ prefer tropical, rocky reefs and drop-offs. Their optimum depth range is from 10 to 40 meters, but they have been found⁢ as ‌deep as ​300 meters. The preferred temperature range for Red Groupers is 20°C to 28°C.

When‍ and Where to See

Red Groupers can be⁢ spotted all‌ year round; however, they are most easily seen during the spawning⁢ season which occurs in the late⁢ winter to early spring. They are​ sighted most frequently during the day as​ they venture out from​ their hiding places to ⁣feed.

Best Fishing Locations

Fishing for Red Grouper is popular in the following areas:

  1. Florida Gulf Coast, USA
  2. Yucatan Peninsula, Mexico
  3. The Bahamas
  4. Cuba
  5. Turks and Caicos Islands
  6. Texas Gulf Coast, USA

If specific locations aren’t known, ⁤look for rocky outcroppings and reefs in​ appropriate depth and temperature ranges.

How to Catch

Bottom fishing with live or chunk bait, such ⁢as squid or ‍sardines, is ⁤the most‌ effective method for catching Red Grouper. The best time ‌of year​ for ‍fishing Red Grouper is during ⁤the late winter to early‍ spring, in the late afternoon or early morning.

Identification ⁤Guide

Red Groupers are easily​ identifiable ⁢by ‌their brick-red ‌or rusty color, with irregular white blotches. ‍Their body has a spindle shape and the head is covered in a ​set of grooves. Each has a large mouth equipped with multiple⁢ sharp teeth.

Culinary Use

Red Grouper meat is delicious and firm with a sweet, mild flavor. Nutritionally, a 3-ounce cooked portion of ‌Red Grouper contains around 15 grams of protein and only 80 calories.| Popular recipes include​ grilled or pan-seared Red Grouper with lemon​ butter sauce, or as ceviche.

Additional Information

Red ⁣Groupers are notable for their role in creating and maintaining reef habitats as they use their mouths to dig into ‍the sand and​ rocks of the ocean floor, ⁣creating large pits that provide shelters for other reef species.​

Natural predators include⁤ larger fish like sharks and ⁤barracudas. However, human-induced ⁣threats, ⁢primarily commercial and recreational fishing, pose the most significant dangers ‌to this species.

References ‍and Further Reading

  • [Fishbase – Red Grouper]( (Opens in new ⁢tab)
  • [NOAA Fisheries – Red Grouper](⁣ (Opens in new tab)
  • [Florida Museum – Red Grouper]( (Opens in new tab)