Salmon (Chinook)


The Chinook ‍Salmon ⁣(Oncorhynchus tshawytscha), also known as the⁢ King Salmon, is a distinctive species from the⁢ family Salmonidae.

Conservation Status

According‌ to the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), Chinook Salmon is classified as a ​Threatened species under the ⁣Endangered Species⁢ Act​ in many regions.

Conservation Efforts

Conservation efforts ⁣for the Chinook Salmon include habitat protection and restoration, decreasing pollution, ‌allowing for fish passage by modifying or removing ⁤dams, and hatchery reform programs.


Length⁢ (Average – Range) Weight (Average – Range) Average Lifespan
36 inches ‍- (24 – 58 inches) 30 pounds – (10 – 50 pounds) 3 to 7 years



The ‍Chinook Salmon is distributed ‍across the northern Pacific Ocean and rivers draining into it ⁢from North ⁣America to Asia. They are found ⁤in US and Canadian waters, particularly in Alaska, Washington,⁣ and Oregon.

Migration Patterns

Chinook Salmon are anadromous,‌ meaning they migrate from the⁤ ocean up rivers and⁣ streams to spawn. After hatching, the young Chinook may ⁣spend up to ⁣a year in their⁣ freshwater natal habitat before migrating downstream to the ocean.


Chinook Salmon are known to inhabit freshwater environments‌ including rivers, streams‍ and ​estuaries during various stages of⁣ life. They thrive‌ in temperatures of 7-14°C.

When and Where to See

Chinook Salmon are mostly seen during ⁢the summer months when⁤ they start their migration ⁣back to⁤ their birth rivers for ⁤spawning.

Best Fishing Locations

Including but not limited to the ⁢Sacramento River, Kenai​ River, Columbia River, Yukon River, Klamath⁣ River, Rogue River, and Fraser River.

How to‌ Catch

Chinook Salmon ⁢can be caught using a variety of methods,⁣ including ‍trolling⁣ with bait or lures, fly fishing, and bottom fishing.

Identification Guide

Chinook Salmon are olive-green⁢ to blue on the back,‌ silver⁣ on the sides, and white on⁢ the belly. They are known for ​their large size and are ⁣the largest species in the Pacific‍ salmon family.


Chinook Salmon is‌ highly valued in gastronomy⁤ for its tender flesh and rich flavor.

Additional Information

Chinook Salmon has a unique lifecycle‍ that involves⁤ migrations from freshwater to oceanic⁢ environments, ⁤which provides opportunities for various ⁤forms of predation. Bears, eagles, and other large predators are natural⁢ predators, while humans pose threats from overfishing ‍and habitat​ destruction.

References and Further Reading

  • Freshwater and Marine Image Bank, University⁤ of Washington Libraries ‍Digital​ Collections. Image Bank.
  • NOAA Fisheries. Chinook Salmon.