Salmon (Chum)


The ⁢Chum Salmon, also known as ⁢the Dog Salmon,‍ is a species belonging to the Salmonidae family. This fish is best recognized by its metallic, blue-green ⁢back with silver sides ​and belly, which change‍ drastically ⁤during their spawning period.

Conservation ⁢Status

The Chum Salmon has a conservation status of “Least⁢ Concern” according to the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN). ⁣Efforts to conserve Chum Salmon include regulating fishing quotas,‌ implementing seasonal fishing restrictions,⁢ and preservation ‍of​ their natural habitats.


The following table organizes the key statistics about​ the Chum Salmon:

Average Range
Length 80 cm 60-100 cm
Weight 7⁣ kg 4-15 kg
Average Lifespan 6-7 years


The Chum Salmon can ⁢be found largely in the Northern Pacific Ocean and its⁣ adjacent ⁢seas, notably ⁤around the coastal waters of Japan, Canada, United States, and Russia. They are also⁣ known to migrate to fresh ⁣water to spawn.


Chum Salmon are anadromous,⁤ meaning they live in both fresh and ​saltwater habitats. They‍ prefer cold water temperatures ⁤between 0-15°⁢ C (32-59°‌ F) and ​can reach ⁣depths of up to 90 meters.

When and Where to See

You’re most likely to spot Chum Salmon ⁢between June to October, with the highest⁤ presence in September.⁣ They are most active during twilight and nighttime ‍hours.

Best ‍Fishing Locations

Here are some of the ‍top locations for Chum Salmon fishing:

  1. Puget Sound, Washington, USA
  2. Skeena River, British Columbia, Canada
  3. Nushagak ⁣River,⁢ Alaska, USA
  4. Frazer⁢ River, British Columbia, Canada
  5. Kenai River,​ Alaska, USA

How to Catch

Chum Salmon are known to bite on spoons, spinners, and plugs, ⁢with pink and⁣ chartreuse being attractive ‍colors. Fly fishing and trolling ⁣techniques are commonly used. Fishing ‌during early morning and late afternoon tends ‍to yield the ‍best results.

Identification Guide

In addition to‌ their metallic, blue-green back and silver sides, Chum Salmon can be identified by their large ⁤teeth during⁤ spawning season. They have a robust ‍body compared to other salmon species.


Chum Salmon are often smoked or canned⁣ due to their‌ lower⁣ fat content compared to other ⁤salmon species. They ​have a medium-firm texture and a mild flavor. Their roe is ‍highly prized in Japan ⁣and often used for sushi.

Additional Information

Chum Salmon primarily consume zooplankton, insects⁢ and small fish.​ Predators of Chum Salmon ‍include larger fish,⁢ birds, and bears. They have also a cultural significance for ‍indigenous peoples residing⁣ in the Pacific Northwest, particularly in their folklore and traditions.

References ⁣and Further‌ Reading

For further information, check‌ resources such⁤ as⁣ Fishbase, NOAA⁤ Fisheries, and Marine Bio. These offer updated data about the Chum salmon’s conservation, behavior⁢ and ecological role