Scup (Porgy)


The Scup (Stenotomus chrysops), also commonly known‍ as Porgy, is a member of the family Sparidae. ⁤These fish are native to ‍the Western Atlantic Ocean⁤ and are prized for their delicate, sweet flavor.

Conservation Status

The ⁤current conservation status of Scup according ⁣to⁣ The National Marine Fisheries Service (NMFS) is in the “Least ⁣Concern” category, which ‍denotes that the species is widespread and⁢ abundant. Conservation efforts‍ are in place, with ​the establishment of size and​ catch ‌limits in various regions to prevent overfishing.


The Scup is a relatively small fish. See the‍ table below for a summary:

Characteristic Average Range
Length 30 cm 18-50 cm
Weight 1 kg 0.5 ​- ​2 kg
Lifespan 9 years 5⁣ – 20​ years

Scup have a protruding snout and pointed fins, typical characteristics of the Sparidae family.


The Scup can be found along the Eastern Coast of ⁣North America, from⁤ Maine ⁢to South Carolina. There are also some isolated populations found in the Gulf of Mexico. Migration patterns typically include travelling to deeper waters in the colder months and returning to shallower waters ​in the Spring ⁣and Summer.


Scup are typically found in saltwater environments and have been known to range ⁤from very shallow waters near the shore to depths of up​ to 200 meters.⁢ Temperature ranges are believed to be ‍from 4°C to 24°C, although Scup‍ have⁤ been observed most abundantly in waters ‌of around 10°C to 22°C.

When and Where to⁢ See

Scup can be⁤ seen most frequently during the Spring and Summer months, when they migrate to shallower ‌waters. They are most active during ​the daytime.

Best Fishing Locations

Some of the top places to⁣ catch⁣ Scup include:

  • Chesapeake⁤ Bay, Virginia
  • Long Island⁣ Sound, New York
  • Newport, Rhode Island.

Scup are⁢ often found in rocky or sandy bottoms, especially ​near structures like docks or artificial reefs.

How to⁤ Catch

Popular baits ​for Scup include squid, clams, or cut fish. Fishing ​techniques can range from bottom⁣ fishing to float fishing, with ‍the former seeming to be‌ particularly effective. The best time of day to fish for Scup is during‌ the⁣ day, and the best seasons ⁣are Spring and ⁢Summer.

Identification ​Guide

Scup can be identified by their silver-blue coloration, with ⁤darker shading towards the back and lighter shading underneath. They also have several dark spots along their sides. ⁢Their snouts are prominent and ‌their fins are ⁣pointy, features characteristic of ⁣their Sparidae family.

Culinary​ Profile

Scup are celebrated for their delicate, sweet flavor and are commonly fried, grilled, ‌or cooked ​in chowders. Nutritional information is as‌ follows (per 100g of ⁣cooked fish):

  • Calories: 96
  • Protein:⁢ 20.3g
  • Fats: 1.3g

Recipes featuring Scup can be found on various seafood ‍and culinary websites.

Additional Information

Scup are generally bottom-feeders, consuming a diet primarily composed​ of worms, small crustaceans and mollusks. Known predators of ⁤Scup include larger fish ⁢and seabirds. The species has a long‍ history in the commercial‍ fishing industry on ‍the East Coast of the United States.

References and Further⁣ Reading

These sites provide additional‌ scientific and conservation information regarding ⁢the Scup species