The sturgeon is a member of ‌the ⁢Acipenseridae family. This family is⁢ made up of‍ 27 different species, all found in the Northern Hemisphere. They are among the ‌oldest families of fishes, dating back to the Late Cretaceous period over 100 million years⁤ ago.

Conservation​ Status

The sturgeon is currently listed as “critically endangered” on the IUCN⁢ Red List. They are threatened by ‍overfishing, habitat ‌loss, pollution,‍ and illegal trade. Conservation ⁢efforts ​include habitat restoration, fishing​ regulations, and protection of‍ spawning areas.


Average Length 3.7⁢ meters
Length Range 2- 5 meters
Average Weight 317.5⁤ kg
Weight Range 200 – 600 kg
Average​ Lifespan 50-60 years


Sturgeons are found in the temperate waters of the Northern ⁢Hemisphere. They migrate up rivers‌ to ​spawn. In freshwater, they are found in large rivers and lakes. In marine environments, they are found in coastal areas.


Sturgeon⁢ prefer⁤ large bodies of water including rivers, lakes, and coastal areas. They thrive ​in both freshwater​ and ⁢saltwater environments and tend to inhabit areas with a water temperature range of 10 ⁢to 20 degrees Celsius.

When and Where to⁢ See

Sturgeons are ⁢most active during the colder months of the year, particularly in the fall and winter. During these times, they⁤ are more likely to be found in shallow waters near the shore.

Best Fishing Locations

Some of the top places to fish for sturgeon include:

  1. Lake Superior, USA/Canada
  2. Lake Baikal, Russia
  3. Frasier River, Canada
  4. Columbia River, USA
  5. Danube River, Austria
  6. Yellow River, China
  7. Amur River, Russia/China
  8. Volga River, Russia
  9. Amazon River, South America
  10. Mississippi River,​ USA

How ‌to Catch

Sturgeon fishing requires patience,⁤ as they are not easy to hook. ‍Bottom fishing with heavy ⁢tackle is the most commonly used method. Bait such as⁢ worms, shrimp, or small fish‍ can attract⁣ the⁣ fish.

Identification Guide

Sturgeons have⁢ a unique appearance, with a long, pointed snout and a body covered with bony plates. They are‌ typically gray or brown, ‌and their undersides are usually white.


Sturgeon meat is firm and mild⁢ in flavor, ⁣making it a popular choice for smoking and curing. In addition, their eggs are prized as caviar.‍ Dishes such ⁤as smoked sturgeon ​and caviar-topped blinis⁣ are common ways to enjoy ⁣this fish.

Additional Information

Sturgeons are known for their unique feeding habits. They‌ use their snouts to stir up the ‍substrate, finding food like mollusks and crustaceans. ​They face threats​ from overfishing for⁢ their meat ⁤and caviar, as well as ‌habitat destruction.

References and Further Reading

  • FishBase – Sturgeon (link)
  • NOAA Fisheries – Sturgeon (link)
  • World Wildlife Fund – Sturgeon (link)
  • The Sturgeon and Paddlefish Specialist Group (link)