Generally known‍ as Tilapia, the species is ⁤part of the Cichlidae​ family⁣ with more than 100 species. They are one of the most popular types of farm-raised fish due to their​ rapid growth, large size, and palatability.

Conservation⁣ Status

The conservation ⁢status ‍of Tilapia⁣ varies, with some ⁢species⁤ considered at risk, and others considered least concern. Active conservation ⁤efforts are ongoing to protect at-risk ⁤species and ensure healthy populations.


Average⁢ Length 30-45cm
Length ⁣Range 20-60cm
Average‍ Weight 2-4kg
Weight Range 1-7kg
Average Lifespan 7-10⁤ Years


Originally native to Africa, Tilapia have ​been introduced to many other regions, including South and Central America, the Caribbean, and parts of the United States.


Tilapia inhabit a range of fresh ⁢and brackish water habitats, ⁤usually within⁢ the temperature range of 12 – 40 degrees Celsius.

When and Where to See

Seasonal Patterns

Tilapia are active⁢ year-round but ‌tend ⁣to spawn in the warmer months.

Time of Day

Tilapia are most active during the daytime.

Best Fishing‌ Locations

Depending on the⁢ local fishing⁤ regulations, Tilapia can be fished in many bodies of water worldwide including Nile River, Lake Victoria,⁤ and Lake Malawi.

How ⁣to Catch

Preferred‌ bait​ or lures

Bread or corn-based baits are often​ used to catch Tilapia.

Fishing techniques

Tilapia ⁤can be caught through a number of ​methods, including bottom fishing and fly fishing.

Identification Guide

Tilapia are medium-sized, ​deep-bodied fish ‌with rounded tails. They vary⁣ in color but are typically dark, often with bars or stripes.


How to Cook

Tilapia can be grilled, baked,⁢ or pan-fried, and ⁢are‌ commonly used ‍in fish‍ stews and curries.

Taste Profile

Tilapia are typically mild-flavored ⁣and⁣ lean.

Nutritional Information

Tilapia are a lean source of protein ⁤and are also rich in niacin, potassium, and vitamin B12.

Additional Information


Tilapia are aggressive and territorial. They feed⁤ primarily on‌ algae but will also take a variety⁢ of other foods.

Predators and Threats

Tilapia face threats ⁤from both ⁢natural predators (e.g., large predatory fish, birds) and ‌human-induced threats, primarily habitat degradation and overfishing.

Cultural/Historical ​Significance

Tilapia have been linked to ⁣various​ historical events, as this⁢ fish was a ⁤primary source of ⁣protein for ancient Egyptians and ‍is mentioned in biblical ⁤texts.

References and Further⁤ Reading

For more detailed information ​on Tilapia, check out resources like Fishbase ⁢and ⁣the UN’s Food and ⁣Agriculture Organization.

Please note that⁣ while Tilapia are farmed⁣ in many regions ‍outside⁢ of their native ‍range, this may present ecological⁣ risks if ⁢the fish are released or escape into⁣ local waterways.⁤ Always consult⁣ local regulations before fishing ⁤for or eating Tilapia