Trevally (Golden)


The Trevally ​(Golden) or Gnathanodon speciosus, ‍is ⁤a⁢ tropical marine species belonging to the Jack family, Carangidae. Well known and valued among anglers and seafood lovers due to their strong fight on the line and ⁤excellent table qualities, these fishes play an important⁢ role⁤ in the local fisheries and aquaculture industries.

Conservation Status

The Golden Trevally is classified⁣ as ‘Least Concern’ according to ​the International Union ⁤for Conservation of Nature⁣ (IUCN). Local conservation efforts ⁤focus on responsible fishing ‌and maintaining sustainable population⁤ levels through closely monitored quotas.


Statistic Average Range
Length 60 cm 50⁢ – 120 cm
Weight 4 ⁤kg 2 -⁢ 15 kg
Average Lifespan 10 ⁢Years Not Specified


Golden Trevally are ⁢found in the warm tropical and subtropical waters of the ‍Indian and Pacific Oceans from South Africa to Hawaii, Japan, Australia and New⁤ Zealand. Their migratory ‍patterns are heavily influenced by temperature ⁤and food availability.


The ⁢fish inhabit a wide variety of marine environments depending on their​ age and size. Juveniles are⁢ commonly found in coastal estuaries, mangroves, and brackish ‍bays, while adults reside in lagoons, inshore reefs, and offshore islands. They primarily inhabit shallow waters with a depth ⁢range of 1 to 100 meters ‍and⁤ temperature range‍ of 20 to 28°C.

When ⁤and Where to ‌See

The⁣ species is most observable during the spawning season, which‍ varies from late spring ⁢to early fall. They are primarily active during daylight hours but have been known to feed at night in well-lit areas.

Best Fishing Locations

Top Fishing Spots

  1. Great Barrier Reef, Australia
  2. Hawaii, USA
  3. Andaman and Nicobar Islands, India
  4. Mauritius, ‌Indian Ocean
  5. Florida ⁣Keys, USA
  6. Costa Rica, Pacific Ocean
  7. Maldive Islands, Indian Ocean
  8. Gulf of Thailand
  9. Red Sea, Egypt
  10. Biscayne Bay, USA

Fishing Tips

To find the species,‍ anglers ⁢should focus on areas with abundant small baitfish⁢ and current flows. Reefs, lagoons, and estuaries are prime locations to find ⁢Golden Trevally.

How​ to Catch

Golden Trevally ‍prefer a variety of baits including prawns, squid, crabs, and small fish.​ They ⁤respond well to surface lures, soft plastics, poppers, and fly fishing. Peak times for fishing are early morning and late‌ afternoon, especially during ‌the ⁤tide change.

Identification Guide

Golden Trevally are easy to identify thanks to ‌their⁣ bright golden ⁢body, sleek, streamlined shape, and distinct black bands running across their eyes. They bear a resemblance to other trevallies but can be distinguished by their unique golden color and black eyestripes.

Culinary Use

How​ to Cook

The flesh of the Golden Trevally is firm and white, making it perfect for both grilling and frying. Due to its ⁢mild flavor, it pairs well ‌with a variety of sauces and seasonings.

Taste Profile

Golden Trevally has a mild,​ buttery flavor with a delicate sweetness.⁤ It ⁢has low oiliness and ⁤moist, medium to firm flesh that holds together well when cooked, making it ideal for a variety of dishes.

Additional Information


Golden Trevally are schooling fish, ‌often seen in small groups. As juveniles, they follow larger animals such as sharks,⁤ gaining protection from predators. They are carnivorous, feeding​ primarily on small fish, crustaceans, and ⁤cephalopods.

Predators and Threats

Larger fish and sharks ⁢are the natural predators of Golden Trevally. Human-induced threats include overfishing and⁢ habitat destruction due to coastal development and pollution.

Cultural/ Historical Significance

For local‍ communities, the Golden Trevally ​carries‌ cultural significance.‌ In many coastal and island cultures, the species is⁣ featured in folklore and myths, representing abundance and good luck.

References and Further Reading

Golden Trevally – Sea-Ex

Fishbase Summary – Gnathanodon speciosus

Florida Museum Species ⁤Profiles