Perch (Yellow)


The Perch (Yellow), ‍scientifically known as Perca⁤ flavescens, ​belongs⁢ to the Percidae family. It is‌ well-liked due to its bright yellow​ coloration⁣ and‌ distinctive pattern that sets it apart from other perches.

Conservation Status

Current Status: According to most‌ resources, Yellow Perch is not considered a threatened species and ⁤often found ‌in abundance in many locations⁤ globally.

Conservation Efforts: While not typically threatened, conservation efforts maintain their population through​ regulations ⁣on fishing seasons and bag limits.


Statistic Average Range
Length 9-12 inches 4-15 inches
Weight 1-2 pounds 0.5-4 pounds
Average Lifespan 9-10 years 2-17 years


Yellow Perch are found widely across ⁢North America – from ​Canada ‍to the United States. ⁢They are migratory ⁢within their freshwater habitats,⁤ moving ⁤to deeper waters or near the⁢ shore based on the seasons.


  • Water Type: Freshwater
  • Depth Range: ⁣Shallow to medium ‌depths.
  • Temperature Range: 65-75 degrees Fahrenheit.

When and Where ‌to‌ See

During winter, you can see them in ⁣deep waters while in⁤ summer, ⁤they migrate⁤ near​ the shores.​ Early morning and late afternoon are the best times to spot Yellow Perch bursting into colors.

Best Fishing Locations and Tips

Some of the top fishing locations include:

  • Lake ​Erie, Ohio.
  • Devil’s Lake, North​ Dakota.
  • Chesapeake Bay, Maryland.
  • Lake Winnebago, Wisconsin.
  • Lake Oahe, North Dakota.
  • Cascade Lake, Idaho.
  • Lake Gogebic, Michigan.
  • Presque Isle Bay, ⁢Pennsylvania.
  • Lake Pymatuning, Pennsylvania.
  • Mississippi River, Minnesota.

Yellow Perch are often found in schools, so once you ⁣catch one, there are likely more ​in the same area.

How to Catch

Live bait, such as minnows or worms, or‍ smaller jigs and ‌spoons are the preferred lures ⁤for⁤ catching Yellow Perch.
Common fishing techniques ​include Benching, Ice‍ Fishing, Jigging, and Bobber ​Fishing.
The best time ‌for fishing Yellow ⁣Perch‌ is at dawn or by‌ dusk.

Identification Guide

The Yellow Perch ‍is recognizable ‍by ⁤its yellow-gold color, green back‍ and triangular vertical bands. They are similar ‌to the European ‌perch but lack the red fins.

Culinary Use

The Yellow Perch has a mild, ⁢sweet flavor with a firm and flaky⁣ texture. It is perfect for frying and makes⁣ a great fish and chips dish.
But also, it can be​ baked, grilled, sautéed, or⁣ used ​in soups ⁢and chowders. The ⁤nutritional value of Yellow Perch includes high levels of Protein, Vitamin B12, and Selenium.

Additional Information

  • Behavior: Yellow Perch‌ feed on small fish, ⁣insect larvae, and ⁣small crustaceans. They spawn in the spring.
  • Predators and Threats: They fall prey to larger fish such as pike and walleye, and birds ‍like herons and kingfishers. Overfishing can pose ⁣a threat to‍ their population.
  • Cultural/Historical Significance: Yellow Perch hold recreational value,‍ especially in the Great Lakes region where Perch⁤ fishing derbies are popular.

References and Further Reading