Species Name: Walleye⁤ (Sander vitreus)
Family Name: Percidae

Conservation Status

Current Status: Least Concern
Conservation Efforts:⁣ There are numerous local, state,​ and national efforts to maintain healthy populations, including habitat preservation and catch-and-release programs.


Statistics Average Range
Length 20 inches 10-30 ⁤inches
Weight 3-4 lbs 1-20 ⁤lbs
Average Lifespan 20​ years


Regions/Countries: North America, principally in Canada​ and Northern ​United States.
Migration ‌Patterns: Walleye typically migrate ‌downstream in the fall and upstream in the spring for ​spawning.


Water Type: Freshwater
Depth Range: ‌Shallow, ⁤15-20 feet, but goes deeper in bright light
Temperature Range: Prefer cooler⁤ waters, 65-75 degrees Fahrenheit

When and Where to ⁣See

Seasonal Patterns: Most active in cooler ⁤months,⁣ particularly spring and fall ​
Time of Day: These fish are primarily ⁢nocturnal, most active⁣ at dusk and dawn

Best Fishing Locations

  • Lake ⁣Erie, Ohio and⁣ Ontario
  • Bays de Noc, Michigan
  • Devils Lake, North Dakota
  • Lake Oahe, South Dakota
  • Lake of the Woods, Minnesota/Ontario
  • Mississippi River,⁤ Minnesota to Louisiana
  • Lake Sakakawea,‌ North Dakota
  • Kobuk ⁣River, ​Alaska
  • St. ‍Mary’s River, Michigan/Ontario
  • Columbia River, Washington/Oregon

General Tips

Walleyes ‍are most often found⁢ near ⁣the bottom of lakes and rivers. Look for rocky areas and drop-offs.

How to Catch

Preferred‍ Bait or Lures: Minnows, worms, leeches, ⁤or artificial lures with⁣ a similar shape and movement
Fishing ‍Techniques: Jigging, trolling, bottom fishing
Best Time⁣ of Day or Season for Fishing: Dawn and dusk during the⁣ spring and fall

Identification Guide

Physical Characteristics: Olive-green to brown color, cloudy-white eyes, pronounced canine teeth
Comparison with Similar⁣ Species: Similar to ‍the Sauger, but has a white spot on the lower tip ‌of the tail​ and no spots on the dorsal fin


How to⁣ Cook: Best​ cooked by grilling, frying, or⁢ baking
Taste Profile:⁢ Mild,​ sweet flavor with a firm texture
Nutritional Information: High in protein,‍ low in fat

Additional Information

Behavior: ⁣The Walleye is ⁤a highly predatory fish, with a diet primarily consisting of smaller fish, insects, and crustaceans.
Predators and Threats: Natural predators include Northern Pike and Muskellunge. Human-induced threats include overfishing ‌and habitat destruction.

References⁤ and Further Reading

For more information, check out the‌ following resources:

NOAA Fisheries
Animal Diversity Web