Grouper (Black)


The Black​ Grouper (Mycteroperca bonaci) belongs to the Serranidae family, which is known ‌for its diverse‌ range of saltwater species. Known for their dark hues and impressive size, they are an essential part of marine ecosystems.

Conservation Status

The current status of‍ the⁣ Black Grouper ‍is classified under “Least Concern”⁣ according to ⁢the⁤ International Union for Conservation of Nature.‍ Conservation efforts focus mainly on sustainable fishery practices and maintaining sufficient‍ populations.


Average Range
Length 100 cm 60-150 cm
Weight 30⁢ kg 5-70 kg
Average Lifespan 25 years N/A


Black Groupers are primarily found in regions such​ as the Gulf of Mexico and the Atlantic Ocean, including Brazil, Bermuda, and the Caribbean. Their migration patterns are heavily influenced by temperature and food availability.


Primarily found in saltwater, Black Groupers occupy depths ranging from 10 to 40 meters. ⁢They survive within a temperature​ range of 20 to 30°C as ⁢they favor warmer waters.

When and Where ⁣to See

They are year-round residents but are easiest to‌ notice‍ during their breeding​ season, which generally spans from Winter to early Spring. Peak activity for the Black Grouper is around⁣ midday.

Best⁤ Fishing Locations

When targeting Black Groupers, head to these top locations:

  • Florida Keys, USA
  • Bimini, ‍Bahamas
  • Cancun, Mexico
  • Belize Barrier Reef, Belize
  • Andros Island, Bahamas
  • Tortugas​ Banks, USA
  • Los Roques, Venezuela
  • Jardines de​ la⁢ Reina, Cuba
  • Xcalak, Mexico
  • Moustique Island, Saint Vincent, and‌ the Grenadines

How to⁢ Catch

Black Groupers respond well to live⁢ bait, including pinfish,‌ sardines, ⁢and ⁤squid. Recommended techniques include bottom fishing and trolling. The best time to catch them is late morning to midday, especially during their breeding season.

Identification Guide

Black Groupers are known for their⁤ dark greyish ⁣to black skin, robust body,⁢ large mouth, and the presence of a black blotch on​ the caudal peduncle. They can be distinguished from similar species by their ⁤darker hue and larger size.


Black Grouper meat is known for being ⁣mild, sweet, and lean with a firm texture. They can be grilled, broiled, or ‌fried and are commonly used in recipes like Blackened Grouper, Fish Tacos, and Grouper Caps. ⁢This fish ‌also ⁣packs a good ⁢amount of protein and essential nutrients.

Additional Information

Black Groupers ⁢are solitary creatures ⁤and are typically found alone. They​ are skilled ‌ambush predators and ⁣feed mainly on fish and crustaceans. Natural threats include large sharks​ and ⁤other bigger marine​ species. Overfishing and habitat destruction are significant human-induced ‌threats affecting their population.

These large fish do not have a specific cultural or historical significance but are appreciated by anglers for their fight and by​ culinary enthusiasts for their⁤ flavor.

References and Further Reading